Dr Caroline Varin
Lecturer in Security & International Organisations

Email: varinc@regents.ac.uk
Subject(s): Liberal Arts & Humanities

Professional Biography

Dr Caroline Varin is a Lecturer in International Relations at Regent's University London.

Previously, she taught at Richmond University and at the London School of Economics. In addition to teaching, Caroline is Associate Fellow at the LSE Global South Unit and edits the Policy Papers Series.

She is currently conducting research on violent non-state actors, primarily in Africa with her next book coming out in 2016 on Boko Haram and the War on Terror.


  • PhD International Relations (London School of Economics), London, UK.
  • LLM in International and European Law (Università di Bologna), Bologna, Italy
  • MSc in Comparative Politics (London School of Economics), London, UK.
  • BA in Political Science (University of Pennsylvania), Philadelphia, USA

Relevant Past Employment

  • Adjunct Professor, Richmond University, London
  • Class Teacher in International Relations, London School of Economics, London
  • Graduate Teaching Assistant in International Relations, London School of Economics, London
  • Visiting Researcher, South African Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg

Teaching & Course Development

Responsible for the preparation of teaching materials, the teaching and assessment of students and associated required administration.

Classes recently taught: International Security, 100 Years of War, Conflict and Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Politics of Peace, New States in World Politics, Topics in African History, Introduction to International Relations, International Law, International Organisations, Strategic Aspects of International Relations, Foreign Policy Analysis.

Research Interests

  • War and conflict studies
  • International Security
  • African security
  • Non-state actors in contemporary warfare


Varin. C (2016). Boko Haram and the War on Terror. Praeger

Varin, C. and Ireland, J. (2015). PMSCs and the Changing Regulatory Environment in Iraq. Central European Journal of International Security Studies 9 (1)

Varin, C (2015). Why Nigeria is turning to South African mercenaries to help fight Boko Haram. The Conversation

Varin, C (2014) Mercenaries, Hybrid Armies and National Security: Private Soldiers and the State in the 21st Century (LSE International Studies Series), Routledge

Varin, C. (2012) Mercenaries: motivations and functions of a non-state combatant” in Fidel Gómez Ochoa and Daniel Macías Fernández (Eds), El combatiente a lo largo de la historia; Imaginario, preceptción, representación; Universidad de Cantabria. Chapter 14.

Varin, C. (2011) The Role of Values in Counter-Insurgency and Stabilisation: Mil-Mil, Civ-Mil and ‘Civ-Civ’ Dialogue from the Balkans to South Asia. Chatham House

Varin, C. (2011) The Disappearing State. Atlantic Community

Varin, C. (2009) Humiliation, National Identity and Foreign Policy. Toudi, une publication du Centre

d'études wallonnes et de République

Varin, C. (2009) Qing Dynastry. Toudi, une publication du Centre d'études wallonnes et de République

Varin, C. (2006) Education in a federal system: A case-study of Belgium. CUREJ: College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal, University of Pennsylvania

Conference Papers Given

“Violence and the Securitization of Inequality”, Interdisciplinary Approaches to Security in a Changing World, Jagiellonian University, Krakow. 20 June 2015

“The Securitization of Inequality”, British International Studies Association, London. 18 June 2015

“Boko Haram and Nigerian politics: Investigating violent sub-national movements in a global context”, International Studies Association, New Orleans. 20 February 2015

“Warriors in the Age of Automation”, Webster Security Form, Geneva. 6 February 2015

‘The Impact of Corporate Values on PMSCs in Iraw” with Ireland, J, Privatisation of Security Conference, Metropolitan University Prague, Prague. 28 November 2014

“The ‘Insecurity-globalisation nexus’ and the reconceptualization of African borders”, ABS First World Conference, St Petersburg. 12 June 2014

“The War inside the War: The Balkans”, Webster Security Forum, Geneva. 2 May 2014

“Challenging Sovereignty: Islamist Networks in African ‘States’”, International Studies Association, Toronto. 26 March 2014

“Experiments in the hybridization of the armed forces”, 4th European Graduate Network Conference, Berlin. 24 March 2012

“Mercenaries and Soldiers: The Impact of the Hybridisation of the Armed Forces on Warrior Identity”, International  Studies Association 53rd Annual Convention, San Diego. 4 April 2012         

“Desperate Choices or Strategic Decisions? The consequences of outsourcing security on the identity of the state” 4th Annual Critical Voices in Swiss IR Conference ETH, Zürich. 20 May 2011

“Challenging international norms on sovereignty: private military companies and the African state”, International Studies Association 52nd Annual Convention, Montreal. 19 March 2011

“Outsourcing Insecurity: The Civil-Military Relations of Private Military Companies in Weak States” ACUNS-ASIL Summer Workshop, Geneva. 25 July 2010

“Niche Warfare: The Rebirth of Mercenaries in America’s New Wars”, States of Emergency conference, John F Kennedy Institute, Berlin. 12 June 2010       

“Private Military Companies and the Foreign Policy of Small States”, History of the Combatant, Santander. 26 March 2010