for MA International Human Rights Law
This module focuses on essential elements of international human rights law. In particular, it deals with historical developments of human rights, which started as a philosophical movement in the Enlightenment and evolved into a world phenomenon in the 20th century, and with various approaches to human rights (realist, utilitarian, critical, Marxist, feminist mechanisms and others).
This module introduces participants to the fundamentals of legal research and writing process to support study and research at postgraduate level. Emphasis is placed on the development of key research and analytical techniques required for the facilitation of independent work and in particular, the dissertation component of the MA. This module is also of great value in relation to other independent research and writing tasks that need to be completed in the course of the degree.
Although the world is growing to higher levels of human development, the core values of a human being are subjected to increasing attacks, threats and hazards. As a reflection of those disparities between structural, axiological and normative components of the international community, this module will deal with the protection of human rights that touch upon dignity and integrity of the human person. In particular, it will cover areas including the right to life; habeas corpus rights; the right to water and food; the right to education; and prohibition of genocide and crimes against humanity.
Freedom of expression in its different manifestations plays a key role in the flourishing of a liberal society and is vigorously debated in many countries. It enables the exercise of vital democratic functions and exerts tremendous influence over the democratic process. The aim of this module is to cultivate an in-depth appreciation of the theories underpinning freedom of speech and provide participants with an advanced conceptual understanding of the legal principles surrounding expression, assembly, association and manifestation of belief at an international, regional and national level.
The module introduces students to public international law, including the law of international institutions. Topics include the sources of international law, questions relating to state jurisdiction and state responsibility, the regulation of the use of force, and the legal aspects of the structure and functions of the United Nations. The module will examine the main features, purpose and function of public international law, including the sources and nature of the subject. The module will also provide a broad introduction to the politics of international relations. It will examine how state and non-state actors confront contemporary global problems. You will be introduced to the discipline of international relations through an overview of international security, foreign policy, international organisations, international law, and international political economy.
A sharp increase in the number of internal conflicts and instances of domestic instability in countries around the world led to massive violations of human rights. Mass atrocities against the civilian population in Srebrenica (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Kigali (Rwanda) led to a paradigm shift with regard to the responsibility of the international community in such situations. Transcending inherent tension between state sovereignty and protection of human rights in international relations, the international community is now under an obligation to react when a state is using widespread and lethal violence against its own population. This module will first deal with philosophical underpinnings of humanitarian intervention and how it developed as a concept in theory.
This substantial piece of independent research gives you the opportunity to engage with a particular area of interest in considerable depth. Completing such a piece of independent work will help you acquire the skills needed to become a competent individual researcher. In addition it will equip you with further insight into how research is conducted and in doing so prepares you for further studies and professional development.