for BA (Hons) Liberal Studies (International Relations) with Integrated Foundation

Foundation Level Modules

Foundation Seminar Part 1 and 2

The purpose of these modules is to introduce students to major ideas within the Western tradition through an encounter with its greatest works. The modules considers the Western tradition (including works of literature, philosophy, religion, art and science) from the ancient world to the Enlightenment. The modules will encourage and facilitate discussions and examinations of these ideas and how they relate to each other. The modules will utilise a core text curriculum to deliver these aims.

Quantitative Literacy

Quantitative Literacy introduces students to the basic concepts of data analysis. This module covers probability as well as descriptive and inferential statistics. The emphasis throughout is on “real world” application and the mathematical tools available to develop analytical as well as empirical thinking skills.

Scientific Understanding - Principles of Biology

This module introduces students to the fundamental principles of biology. The module covers cell biology and introduces the five major kingdoms of life. Genetics, gene expression & evolution are also explored in context with recent discoveries in these fields. The module will also examine the application of current biotechnologies in agriculture, medicine and the environment.

Introduction to the Humanities

The purpose of this module is to introduce students to the humanities. It will acquaint them both with the common elements shared between the constituent humanities disciplines and also with the difference in subject matter, approaches and techniques. The module will achieve this by choosing a particular theme that is the subject of interdisciplinary consideration within the humanities. The module will encourage and facilitate discussions and diverse examinations of this theme. The module will utilise a core text curriculum to deliver these aims.

Business and Management

The purpose of this module is to introduce students to the study of business, its structure and functions, in a global environment. It will provide students with an understanding of different types of business structure and ownership, key business concepts, economic principles, and major functional areas of a business, including management, marketing, human resources, accounting and finance. The module will also review the role of commercial organisations in society and ethical dilemmas in business.

International Relations

This module examines how state and non-state actors confront contemporary global problems. It also introduces students to the subfields of international relations: international security, international political economy, foreign policy, international relations theory, international organizations and international law.

Media Studies

In today’s media saturated environments, it can be challenging to understand how media and communications technologies and processes shape societies and our everyday lives. This module aims to provide students with important conceptual tools for making sense of the relationships between media, society and culture. This module introduces students to the history, development and contemporary role of media and communications. In terms of history, this module maps the early development of modern media beginning with the printing press and early electronic media to social and mobile media. In terms conceptual tools, this module provides an overview of influential thinkers in media and communications from theories on media as “mass communications” characterizing the 20th century to “convergence culture” which better characterizes the 21st. Students are expected to develop knowledge and understanding of the field of media and communications and to be able to ask critical questions about future directions in media and communications.


The aim of this module is to encourage students’ understanding of, and enthusiasm for, psychology by providing a core understanding of the discipline and the topics studied by psychologists. The content will help students build awareness of what modern psychology is and will introduce them to the major branches of psychology. The module will highlight the applied aspects of the discipline and will describe the relevance of psychology to other subjects and disciplines at a theoretical and applied level. 

Political Science

This module aims to introduce students to the main concepts within the field of Political Science. Class will explore basic concepts such as state, nation, parties, elections, sovereignty, leaderships, power, parliaments, government and many more. Students will be introduced to methods of inquiry and theoretical frameworks that will enable them analytically examine wide range of political phenomena both domestically and internationally. 

First year modules

INR401 International Relations Theory and Practice

This module will introduce students to an academic study of international relations focussing on theoretical issues and debates and proceeding to analyse practice of the conduct of international relations. Students will be introduced to different schools of normative thought in international relations while conducting research into empirical fields of international relations practice. Students are required to participate in discussions and debates in class. Teaching will be mixture of lectures and seminars.

Core module for International Relations majors.

LAW403 International Law

The International Law module introduces students to the principles of public international law. It focuses on the role and importance of International Law and its impact on international relations. The module provides students with a solid knowledge of the sources of International Law, examining its application in history and in contemporary politics. It highlights and critically analyses current debates and changes in International Law. Topics may include state jurisdiction and state responsibility, international legal personality, diplomatic immunity, the regulation of the use of force, international human rights, and the legal aspects and structures of international institutions including the United Nations. The module aims to develop students’ analytical and critical thinking skills in the field of international law and to sharpen problem-solving skills referring to relevant sections of the law.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR402 Introduction to Human Rights

The purpose of this module is to introduce students to the concepts and theories that shape the study of human rights. The module will focus on the historical and philosophical underpinning of human rights as well as major debates about human rights protection and promotion. The module will encourage students to critically analyse the construction and application of human rights language in a wide variety of cases pertinent to the study of international relations.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR403 Contemporary International Security

This unit introduces you to the subject of international security, including theoretical, normative and policy issues. The concept of security is used very frequently in relation to international issues, often regarding major policy choices and as an important element of identity construction. The unit begins by surveying different approaches to the study of security. It then takes a thematic approach. It considers whether liberal democracies are different from other types of state in relation to war and attitudes to the laws of war. It also examines the issues of terrorism; controls on conventional arms transfers; ‘ethnic’ conflict; the news media and public opinion; the occupation of Iraq and the relationships between security and development. Throughout you will be encouraged to explore different perspectives in order to assist you in developing your own understanding of these issues and in deciding which, if any, you find most persuasive. The module will be run as a seminar. Students are responsible for reading materials before class and being ready to discuss the readings.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR404 Politics of Development

This module offers students an introduction to the issue of development. It will provide students with the theoretical arguments and practical issues central to the question of development at the global level. As the world economic system is now highly integrated, due to the increased cross-border flows of goods and capital, the question of converging with the developed world has become a significant one to the developing economies. In the current global economic system, the domestic political and economic dynamics have significant global implications, while international events have a broad impact on domestic affairs of individual countries. Over the past few decades, the world has gone through changes in multiple fronts including: international trade, and finance system, economic growth strategies, distribution of global wealth, basic human security, and cultural norms. As a result, the global community has witnessed various success development stories in different parts of the world while challenges have remained unchanged for some societies. Given the importance of cultural and historical contexts, it is important to understand how needs and perspectives of various groups are critical to creating a global development discourse. This module will seek to assess the influence development policies at the national and the international levels.

Core module for International Relations majors.

Second year modules

INR502 Research Methods for International Relations

Research Methods for International Relations will provide students with the theory and skills necessary to conduct original research in this discipline and others including: sociology; criminology; and political science. Some of the topics to be discussed include: research methodology; design; analysis and output. This module will encourage students to collect and analyse data from a wide range of academic and professional sources.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR503 The International Politics of the United States

This module is a broad introduction to US Foreign Policy and Foreign Policy Analysis. It will examine the processes involved in the formulation of US Foreign Policy. It will provide a framework for thinking about the nature of American foreign policy and how this policy is made.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR504 The Politics of Conflict in the Middle East

The Politics of Conflict in the Middle East aims to provide students with the necessary tools to critically analyse the complexity of the politics and conflicts in the wider Middle East region. The module’s objective is to provide students with a solid, deep, diverse, and fact-based background about the roots of the regional sub- system, the emergence of state and non-state actors and the intricate relationships between them and other components of the international system. Moreover, it is the aim of this module to introduce students to International Relations and Political Science concepts required to assess profound political problems and challenges the Middle East region has faced since the end of the First World War and until well into the 21st century. The principle objectives of this module are to develop students’ ability to distinguish between reliable and unsubstantiated data, to support critical and analytical scholarly work, especially in the case of the Middle East, and to apply conceptual frameworks in understanding the region.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR505 Contemporary African Politics and History

The module on Contemporary African Politics and History focuses on the socio-economic and political challenges and opportunities in Africa over the last two centuries. It introduces students to key theories in development economics and comparative politics relevant to the study of African politics. Students will explore the pre-colonial period, examine the impact of slavery, and explore the legacies of colonialism on nationalism and the African state. They will also discuss contemporary challenges to development and good governance both in theory and practice. Drawing on comparative methodology and independent research, students will further develop regional expertise and in-depth understanding of Africa’s complex history and the domestic and international dynamics that shape its political theatre. The module will enable students to develop an appreciation for Africa’s diversity, difficulties, and potential.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR506 International Organisations

International Organisations builds on the foundations of Introduction to International Relations. This module offers a comprehensive exposure to the theories, history and practice of International Organisations. Students will develop an in-depth understanding of the difficulties and opportunities facing International Organisations and their contribution to the conduct of international relations. This module will discuss security organisations including the United Nations and NATO, regional organisations such as the European Union and ASEAN, legal institutions like the ICC and the ICJ, and economics and trade facilitation institutions such as the WTO, IMF and the World Bank. Students will also be expected to delve into new and alternative institutions such as the New Development Bank and assess the contribution of NGOs to global governance. This module provides students with a critical overview of policy-making institutions and thereby a thorough understanding of a fundamental branch of international relations.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR601 Latin American Political History

This module is a multidisciplinary survey of the politics, political economy, and foreign policy of Latin America, with attention to selected countries in that region. Latin America comprises a vast and important part of the Western Hemisphere, yet, notwithstanding universal recognition of their geopolitical importance, Latin American cultural norms, worldviews, and social and political conventions and traditions remain relatively unknown to or misunderstood by the world. The main objective of the module will be to enable a clearer, firmer grasp of the region’s realities and complexities.

Core module for International Relations majors.

Third year modules

INR602 International Political Economy

This module aims to introduce students to the leading issues and theories that underpin today’s international political economy. Synthesising the interplay between trends at both the local and global levels, it provides students with the conceptual frameworks for exploring the modern world system as a complex evolving ecology of political, economic, cultural and technological processes.

Core module for International Relations majors.

MED602 Media and Global Politics

This module will introduce students to an understanding of the relationship between politics and media in contemporary societies. Students will become aware of contemporary debates about the evolving role of the media in domestic and international politics. Thus the relationship between politics, society and media will be the focus of study. The module will encourage individual research and participation in debates based on empirical knowledge, and strengthened by the application of theoretical discussions.

Core module for International Relations majors.

INR603 Diplomacy and Negotiations: Theory and Practice

The Diplomacy and Negotiations module aims to familiarise students with the peaceful instruments of foreign affairs. The objective of this module is to analyse how states and non-state actors conduct their foreign relations, and the role diplomacy and negotiations are playing in the overall external relations of states. The module combines historical and theoretical approaches in exploring the evolution of the role of diplomacy in world affairs. This includes examining different negotiation strategies and approaches, and analysing reasons for their success or failure. A further aim of this module is to examine diplomacy and negotiations in comparison to other instruments of foreign policy such as war, crisis, and sanctions, and evaluate under what circumstances diplomacy is preferable over other tools of foreign policy. Students will explore and examine the principal debates in the field of diplomacy, and by the end of the module will acquire important negotiations skills and techniques.

Core module for International Relations majors.

Major Capstone (Dissertation)

The purpose of this module is to bring together the breadth of a Liberal Arts student’s learning and experience to bear on a major project. Starting from the student’s major area of study the project will reach out to incorporate elements from the totality of learning on the programme and the realisation of the breadth that a Liberal Arts graduate has achieved. The Capstone can take the form of a reflective practice-based project or a traditional written dissertation subject to meeting the word-length equivalencies below. The Capstone will run over two semesters and will be supervised by a minimum of one supervisor although two may be allocated depending on the nature of the work.