Dr Orit Gal

Senior Lecturer for Strategy & Complexity

Professional Biography

Dr Orit Gal is a political economist specialising in the practical applications of complexity theories. Her current fields of interest include complexity economics and innovation dynamics, systemic change, urbanisation and social entrepreneurship. An expert generalist, she has worked in tech start-ups; corporate market research; peace-building NGOs; and innovative policy and military think-tanks. Having the opportunity to closely observe decision makers operating in messy and dynamic situations, she has focused her teaching and research on adaptive design, exploring innovative methods for strategy development and effective action in complex environments.


  • 2007, PhD, International Political Economy - IR, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Dissertation topic: Strategy development in complex environments: the World Bank's adaptation to a shifting global economy 1973-2003.
  • 2005, 2006, Awards of Excellence for PhD students, Hebrew University, Davis Institute
  • 1999, MA, Political Science, Magna Cum Laude, Tel Aviv University
  • Thesis topic: International learning and institutional reforms: China's economic reforms 1978-1998.
  • 1994, BA, Economics, Tel Aviv University

Relevant Past Employment

  • 2011, Panel member - New Era Economics, Institute for Public Policy Research, London
  • 2009, Associate Fellow - The Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House)
  • 2008, Strategic consultant, non-profits, London
  • 2004 – 2006, Innovation strategist, The Operational Research Institute, Tel-Aviv
  • 2001 – 2004, Strategic advisor and project manager, The Economic Cooperation Foundation, Tel-Aviv
  • 1999 – 2001, Senior Analyst, Gallup, Tel-Aviv


  • (2013) “Complexity Manoeuvres 1: Lessons from military operational design”, “CM 2: Analysing dynamic opposition systems”, “CM 3: Acupuncture approaches to conflict transformation”
  • (2012). “Complexity Economics for Public Policy: Global Ruptures – the emerging crisis of the middle classes”, IPPR.
  • (2009). “Handling Hamas: Strategies for Peace and Progress in the Palestinian Territories”, LFI.
  • (2008). “Assessing Israel's Gaza Strategies”, RUSI.
  • (2008). “Israeli Perspectives on the Palestinian Refugee Issue” Chatham House.
  • (2008) “Revolutionizing the Concept of Victory: the Lesson Not Learned by the Enquiry into Israel's Lebanon War”, RUSI.
  • (2008) “Beyond Annapolis, Part I: A role for International Military Engagement?” LFI.
  • (2004) “Policy Options for Israel - Third Party role in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict” Chatham House.

Research Interests

  • Complexity design
  • Political economy and systemic change
  • Evolving urban networks
  • Conflict markets and peace-building
  • Social entrepreneurship
  • Innovation for NGOs
  • Decision making under uncertainty

Conference Papers Given

  • “Complexity and the future of peace” Inspirationlabs Series, (The Centre for Innovation - Leiden University, The Hague, 2013)       
  • “Complexity Manoeuvres” Innovation Lab on Dynamical Systems Theory, Peace and Conflict (Earth Institute, Columbia University, 2013)                          
  • “Operating in a Complex World: from retrospective to prospective coherency” Complexity and Governance (NTU Singapore with the National Center for Strategic Futures, 2013)
  • “Harnessing Complexity Science for Organizational Change”, (Institute for Employment Studies, 2010)
  • “Victory is futile: the emerging markets of conflict”, (Conflict and Complexity, 2008)
  • “Israeli-Palestinian working group paper: Planning Considerations for international involvement in the West Bank and Gaza Strip”, (The Cambridge Security Program – International Involvement Expert Forum, 2003)
  • “International trusteeships – Lessons from Kosovo”, (The Herzliya Conference on National Security, 2002)

Teaching & Course Development

  • Politics in the Industrialised World
  • International Political Economy
  • Politics of Development
  • Sense-Making in a Complex World
  • Managing Uncertainty
  • Social Entrepreneurship
  • Complexity and Creative Leadership